Mydans, Carl

Carl Mydans (May 20, 1907 – August 16, 2004) was an American photographer who worked for the Farm Security Administration and Life magazine.

Carl Mydans, 1935

Mydans grew up playing on the Mystic River near Medford, near Boston, Massachusetts.

Mydans became devoted to photography while in college at Boston University. While working on the Boston University News he abandoned childhood dreams of being a surgeon or a boat builder in favor of journalism. His first reporting jobs were for The Boston Globe and the Boston Herald. After college, he went to New York as a writer for American Banker and then in 1935 to Washington to join a group of photographers in the Farm Security Administration.

In 1935, he traveled throughout New England and America’s South, documenting the end of a rural-based economy, and gained a measure of renown for his images of bedraggled Arkansas farmers and their families.

In 1936, he joined Life as one of its earliest staff photographers (Alfred Eisenstaedt, Margaret Bourke-White, Thomas McAvoy and Peter Stackpole were the original staff photographers) and a pioneering photojournalist.

Mydans recorded photographic images of life and death throughout Europe and Asia during World War II travelling over 45,000 miles.

In 1941, the photographer and Shelley Mydans were the first husband and wife team on the magazine’s staff.  Shelley and Carl were captured by the invading Japanese forces in the Philippines, and interred for nearly a year in Manila, then for another year in Shanghai, China, before they were released as part of a prisoner-of-war exchange in December 1943.

Mydans was sent back to war in Europe for pivotal battles in Italy and France.

American armor pass during the drive towards Rome along the Appian Way, World War II.

American jeeps travel through a bombed-out town during the drive towards Rome, World War II.

By 1944, Mydans was back in the Philippines to cover MacArthur’s return. Mydans snapped the moment when General Douglas MacArthur purposefully strode ashore in the Philippines in 1945, The legendary officer had declared, when the Japanese came in 1942, “I shall return,” and Mydans’ photograph of the formidable general immortalized that claim for posterity. Some asserted that it must have been staged, but Mydans resolutely defended the photograph as entirely spontaneous, though he did admit that MacArthur was savvy about public-relations opportunities. The general had appeared in Mydans’ other memorable image from that assignment, watching with other top U.S. brass as a Japanese delegation signed the official documents of surrender on an early September day in 1945. “No one I have ever known in public life had a better understanding of the drama and power of a picture,” quoted Mydans as saying about MacArthur.

General MacArthur wading ashore

Mydans also captured the signing of Japan’s surrender aboard the U.S.S. Missouri.

Japanese surrender

Mydans covered the war in Europe, specifically the battles of Italy at Cassino, Rome and Florence and the American-Free French invasion of southern France in August, 1944.
Some of Mydans’s more famous pictures include: the bombing of Chongqing, the Japanese surrender aboard the U.S.S. Missouri in 1945; angry French citizens shaving the heads of women accused of sleeping with Germans during the occupation in 1944; a roomful of excited royal youngsters and their staid older relatives in 1954; and a 1950 portrait of Douglas MacArthur smoking a pipe.
Collaborationist, Marseille, France, 1944

But he also photographed the war from the viewpoint of the ordinary soldier or sailor. “Resourceful and unruffled, Mr. Mydans sent back pictures of combat that even now define how some remember World War II, Korea, and other conflicts,” noted the New York Times.

Carl Mydans_02

Despite his two years in captivity, Mydans bore no ill will toward the Asian nation, and accepted an assignment to head Time-Life’s Tokyo bureau with his wife. Time-Life was the publisher of Time, Life and other top magazines, which Mydans continued to provide with an array of visual stories. In 1948, he just happened to be in the city of Fukui when a massive earthquake struck; some of his shots were taken on the street while buildings were collapsing around him.

After covering the Korean War, Mydans traveled the globe for the next two decades for Life before the publication folded in 1972. When it was relaunched several years later, he was still listed as one of its contributing photographers.

Rain-drenched Marines resting on side of the road, Korea, 1951

 

He died on August 16, 2004, of heart failure at his home in Larchmont, New York, at the age of 97.

Widowed in 2002, Mydans was survived by his daughter, Misty, a California attorney; and his son, Seth, who is the New York Times ‘ Asia correspondent.

 

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